Guys @Tea said he'll let us know when the ps5 stock is coming, they're still awaiting confirmation from playstation ZA about the stock, just please be patient, I think a lot of people are waiting for the ps5 stock to arrive, but asking the whole time is not speeding up anything
This reply will be talking about は which is the hiragana character for the sound "ha"; however, when used in constructing sentences it is used as a particle and is pronounced as "wa".
What is a particle?
It is basically a character/combination of characters (namely hiragana characters in modern Japanese but some have corresponding Kanji for them) placed after nouns, adjectives and verbs which indicates the relationship between words in a sentence. They also give words a certain meaning or nuance. For example いつ(itsu) means "when" but there is a particle ”だって” which can be used to alter "itsu" in terms of meaning. For example いつだって meaning anytime on its own.
Some usages of は-wa
1.Used to mark the topic of a sentence
Okay I am sure a lot of people know a few Japanese words and they don't know it. On the top of my head I can think of kawaii, sushi and karaoke. So let's say you want to say 'x' is 'y'. X is the thing you are talking about and Y is something ( attribute or any related info about X). This X and Y structure is called a clause and a very simple one at that. So a clause is a grammatical structure that is made up of a Subject/Topic and a predicate (basically something that is related to the Subject/topic). Now that all the Jargon is out of the way let's start.
Example 1 - Assume you want to say "Cats are cute.*
ネコはかわいい (Neko wa kawaii)
*For those who are a little advanced I have intentionally left out です (desu) just so that the topic only explains one thing
Example 2 - Assume you want to say "X girl is feminine"
アリスは女らしい (Arisu wa onarashii)
2.It can be used to contrast or compare things
A simple form of this usage would be- "X は Y。Z は W。"
Example 1: Assume you want to say "Something is X and Something is Y"
トムは大人。アリスは子。(Tomu wa otona. Arisu wa ko)
Tom is an adult and Alice is a child.
These are just some of the usages of は that beginners should learn first
Kudasai is an auxiliary verb and has the meaning of "please". This verb is used for asking someone to do something or not to do something (a polite command).
In Japanese the verb is the most important part of a sentence. The verb has many forms in Japanese and the verb conjugates in many ways (changes depending on tense,use etc). To use kudasai you have to change a verb into its て (te) form
To tell someone to do something politely you use the following construction
Verb Te form +ください
リンゴを干してください (Ringo o hoshite kudasai)
Please dry the apple(s)
You can also use kudasai to tell someone not to do something politely by using the following construction
Verb negative form + で (de: we will discuss this particle later) + kudasai
リンゴを干さないでください (Please do not dry the apple(s)
Ringo wo hosanai de kudasai
に has many different uses from modifying a verb (in conjunction with an adverb) to indicating prepositions (on ,at, in etc) so we will only talk about two uses in this reply.
1.It is used to indicate where something exists. In english examples that are like this would "It is at my house"/"Are you here".
In Japanese, speakers differentiate between non-living and living things. The most common ways this is done is by using the verb "いる" for living things and "ある" for non-living things. Both verbs mean to exist.
Example for living things
i)トムはここにいる (Tomu wa koko ni iru)
"Tom exists here " is the literal meaning but in actuality it means "Tom is here"
Example for non-living things
ii)小冊子は図書館にある (Shousashi wa toshokan ni aru)
The pamphlet is in/at the library
2.It is used to mark time; however, it can only mark time that can be expressed in digits like the days of the week, months of the year etc. Therefore 今日(kyou- day) can not use に
i)私は午前５時に食べった (Watashi wa gozen goji ni tabeta)
I ate at 5am
Those are a few uses of に but there are many more which make this particular particle really hard to grasp at first so learn a few uses at a time.
The next topic that we are going to discuss ”時” (toki) which essentially is a noun but we are going to use it as a dependent noun (requires something to modify it). This "toki" will essentially mean 'when' (not a the conditional when as in "When I go shopping I spend my money wisely").
時 when used as a depends noun means "When Subject/object did/does/ will do something" or "When Subject/object was/is something"
1)私は日本に行った時にラーメンを食べた (Watashi wa nihon ni itta toki ni ramen o tabeta)
When I want to Japan I ate ramen
2)私は朝ご飯をたべる時手を洗った (Watashi ha asa gohan toki te wo aratta)
I (will) wash my hands (before) I eat breakfast
I may have explained what an auxiliary verb is, but I will do so again to make this reply is complete.
Auxiliary verb- A verb used together/in conjunction with a preceding verb or adjective
The main thing we will be talking about is the usage of 出す as an auxiliary verb. When it is used as an auxiliary verb it means "something latent has become realized" or "started to.../began to..." (SUDDENLY).
Formation Verb masu form plus 出す (in any of its conjugations, but note that it can't be used if you want to say "Let's begin....")
日本に行った時にあなたの父が死んだことを思い出した ("When I went to Japan I (suddenly)remembered that your father died")